Major Rivers of Guyana

 Guyana, South America -a land of numerous breathtaking forms of nature. Rivers, natural flowing watercourses, are one of the prominent features that make Guyana a water rich country and a land of plenty.

Major Rivers of Guyana

Guyana has four major rivers that flow in a Northward direction and empty into the Atlantic Ocean. These are (alphabetically):

1. The Berbice River

Location: Eastern Guyana

Length: Approximately 595 kilometers

The Berbice River starts its journey in the highlands of the Rupununi region. This river empties itself into the Atlantic Ocean at New Amsterdam. The river can be navigated for about 160 kilometers by small boats. After that the river creates many rapids that aren’t very easily navigable. The Berbice obtains its name from the Dutch colony of Berbice, which became part of Guyana in 1831(at that time Guyana was called British Guiana).

 

2. The Courantyne River

Location: Northern South America; forms the border between Guyana and Suriname

Length: Approximately 724 kilometers

The Courantyne River originates in the Acarai Mountains and empties itself into the Atlantic Ocean near Corriverton. The River is navigable by small oceangoing vessels for about 120 kilometers. The Courantyne basin remains mostly undeveloped and most of it is unexplored forest area.

3. The Demerara River

Location: Eastern Guyana

Length: Approximately 346 kilometers

The Demerara River has its origin in the forests of central Guyana and flows northward until it empties itself into the Atlantic Ocean at Georgetown, the capital of the country of Guyana. Oceangoing steamer boats are able to travel upwards for about 105 km to Linden for bauxite. Smaller ships reach Malali, which is about 40 km farther upstream. Beyond this lies numerous rapids which are not navigable. The Demerara River gets its name from the old Dutch colony of Demerara, which became part of Guyana in 1831(at that time Guyana was called British Guiana).

 

4. The Essequibo River

Location: East central Guyana

Length: Approximately 1,010 kilometers

The Essequibo River is the largest river between the Amazon and the Orinoco and begins in the Acarai Mountains. This river flows northward through savannas and forests and empties itself into the Atlantic Ocean around the West-northwest region of Georgetown, the national capital. The Essequibo River had three chief tributaries: the Rupununi, the Mazaruni, and the Cuyuni. This river can be navigated by small ocean vessels for around 80 kilometers to Bartica and by boats for long spreads between rapids. The Essequibo River gets its name from the old Dutch colony of Essequibo, settled from 1616 and it became part of Guyana in 1831(at that time Guyana was known as British Guiana).